Type 1diabetes, also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes is caused due to lack of insulin. In this, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas which are responsible for creating insulin. The condition usually occurs in children and young adults, comprising approximately 10% of all diabetic patients. Heredity is found to be an important factor that increases the risk of developing Type 1 Diabetes.


Insulin is a hormone that helps move sugar, or glucose, into your body’s tissues. Your cells use it as fuel.

Damage to beta cells from type 1 diabetes throws the process off. Glucose doesn’t move into your cells because insulin isn’t there to do the job. Instead, it builds up in your blood, and your cells starve. This causes high Blood sugar, which can lead to:

·         Dehydration

·         Weight loss

·         Diabetic Ketoacidosis

·         Damage to your body


Signs are often subtle, but they can become severe. They include:

·         Extreme thirst

·         Increased hunger (especially after eating)

·         Dry mouth

·         Upset stomach and vomiting

·         Frequent urination

·         Unexplained weight loss, even though you are eating and feel hungry

·         Fatigue

·         Blurry vision

·         Heavy, labored breathing

·         Frequent infections of your skin, urinary tract

·         Crankiness or mood changes

Sign of an emergency with type 1 diabetes include:

·         Shaking and confusion

·         Rapid breathing

·         Fruity smell to your breath

·         Belly pain

·         Loss of consciousness (rare)